Glossary

Thanks for checking out Romaine Calm’s Glossary. Here, I will keep an alphabetical catalog of all the words I learn here in Ecuador. If you have any revisions or comments, please let me know as I post them in my daily blog. Since I am in a small mountain town, called Vilcabamba, I’m sure some variations and colloquialisms will differ from traditional Spanish, due to changes in dialect! I would have loved this type of resource for me and I’m still learning, everyday, so I hope this helps!

Spanish to English: (Ecuadorian Spanish)

 

cropped-romaine_lettuce_and_Carrot.jpg

A:

abeja – bee

abrazos – hugs

Absceso- abscess

acción de gracias – thanksgiving

aceitar – to shave

aceite – oil

aceite de copaiba – copaiba oil

la acampada – camping

acondicionador – conditioner

acosador – stalker

adhesivo – adhesive

adulto – adult

agosto – august

agradecido – grateful

agua – water

agua caliente – hot water

aguacate – avocado

aguila – eagle

agujas – needles

agujero – hole

aire – air

aji – salsa with tomates de arbol

a(l)fin de cuentas – when it comes down to it

alambre de púas – barbed wire

albahaca – basil

alegre – joy

Aleman -german

alforfón – buckwheat

alma – soul

ajonjolí – sesame

algarrobo – carob

almuerzo – lunch

amaranto – amaranth

amapola – poppy

amarillo – yellow

amiga – friend (girl)

amigo – friend (boy)

amistad – friendship

amor – love

Aniñado – spoiled, childish, infantile, wealthy

ansiedad – anxiety

aperitivos – snacks

apio – celery

arandanos – blueberries

arbol – tree

arboles – trees

ardilla – squirrel

arena – sand

armario – closet

arroz – rice

arroz integral – brown rice

arvejas – peas (here in Vilca) other places its guisante

asesino – assessin

atencion – attention

atracción- attraction

avenas – oats

ayudante – helper

azul – blue

 

B:

bailar – to dance

bambú– bamboo

banana – banana

bares – bars

Barriga Llena, Corazon Contento – Full stomach, happy heart.

bastido – milkshake

batata – yam

baya – berry

bebe – baby

bebida – a drink

bicho – bug

bicicleta – bicycle

bizcochos – cupcakes

blanco – white

bocadillos – snacks

bola – ball

bolsa – bag

bolsita – little bag

bondad – kindness

bosque – forest

botas – boots

brisa – breeze

bruja – witch

buen a verte – good to see you

buenas dias – good morning/good day

buenas noches – good night

buenas tardes – good afternoon

buen trabajo – good job

buho = owl

burrito – burrito

buscapina – the herb for stomach spasms, diarrhea, gas, nausea

Buscapina
Buscapina

C:

cabaña – a cottage

caballeros – gentleman

cabello – head

cabeza – head

cabuya – blue agave

cacao – cocoa

cachorro – puppy

cafe – coffee

caja – box

calabaza – squash

calmate – calm down

cámara – camera

camisa – shirt

camote – dark purple sweet potato, shaped like a yam

camote, papas purpuras, uvilla, amaranto y amaranto purpura -sweet potato, purple potatoes, little grapes, amaranth and purple amaranth

canela – cinnamon

canguil – popcorn (Ecuador only)

cansada – tired

capa – layer

cara – face

caramelo – caramel

carpintero – carpenter

casa – house

casita – little house

cazuela – casserole

cebolla – onion

ceibo – the holy tree

celebracion – celebration

Celular – cell phone

cena – dinner

centavos – cents

centro de meditación – meditation center

cerveza – beer

cesto de basura/hueco de basura - compost bin

champú – shampoo

chendo – kidding

chevere – cool

chimichurri – green salsa

cielo – heaven

cigarras – cicadas

cine – movie theater

cinta – tape

cinturon – belt

ciudadana – citizen

ciruela – plum

ciruelas pasas – prunes clavos – cloves

claro – clear, clearly, of course

cliente – client

coca- cocaine

cocina – kitchen

cocinado – cooked

cocinar – to cook

coco – coconut

coco rallado -shredded coconut

col – cabbage

cola de caballo – horsetail

coliflor – cauliflower

colins – hill

comi – ate

comino – cumin

cómodo – comfortable

como estas? – how are you?

computadora  – computer

con – with

conductor – driver

conejito – bunny

conejo – rabbit

conjelados – frozen

construyendo – building (v.)

contar –   to count

contento – happy

Copa de Oro – Cup of Gold

corazón – heart

cortando – cutting

cortar – to cut

corteza – bark (of a tree)

crecer – to grow

crema – cream

crudo – raw, hungover

crujiente – crispy

cuanto es – how much is it?

cubitos de hielo – ice cubes

cuchara – spoon, scoop

cuchillo – knife

cuerda – string

Cumpleaños – birthday

curandero – medicine man (but not as intense as a Shaman)

cúrcuma – turmeric

 

D:

datiles – dates

decomposition – decomposition

de pronto – suddenly

desodorante – deodorant

desayuno – breakfast

descansa – rest

despacio – slowly

Dia de Amor – Day of Love (Valentine’s Day)

Dia de las Muertas – Day of the Dead

Dia de Valentin – Valentine’s Day

diarrea – diarrhea

dias – days

dices –   says

el diente de lion – dandelion

dientes – teeth

digestión– digestion

disc – disk

disculpe-me – forgive me

disfrutas – enjoy

divorceado – divorced

doblo – double

dolares – dollars

dolor – pain

dolor de la cabeza – headache

domingo – Sunday

donacion – donation

dormir – to sleep

ducha – shower

duermo – I sleep

dulces – sweets

duraznos – peaches

 

 

E:

echar – to throw

economica – economical/thrifty/cheap

ejercisio -exercise

emocion – emotion

enchilada – enchilada

energia – energy

enfermedad – disease

enfermera – nurse

En sus marcas, listos, fuera – On your marks, Get set, go!

enojado – angry

ensalada – salad

enseñar – to teach

enseño – I teach

entregar – to deliver

equilibrio -balance

equipaje – luggage

espalda – back

Español – Spanish

esconder – to hide

eso – that

espàrragos – asparagus

Espera -Wait.

espina – thorn

este – this

estomago – stomach

estornudar – sneeze

Estoy en casa – I’m home.

estrella – star

estúpido – stupid

exactamente – exactly

exacto – exactly

ex-esposo – ex-husband

exhala – exhale

exito – success

extranjero – foreigner

 

F:

facilidad – easiness

faco – focus

falda – skirt

fantastico – fantastic

Feliz Navidad – Merry Christmas

fermentacion – fermentation

ferretería – hardware store

fideos – noodles

fiesta – party

filósofos – philosophers

finca – land

fin de semana – weekend

flan – custard

flor blanca – white flower

flores – flowers

forrage – forage

frambuesas – raspberries

fregona – mop

frejol – beans

fresa – strawberry

frito – fried

fruta seca – dried fruit

frutas – fruit

fuego – fire

fuerte – strong

fuerza – strength, force

 

G:

galante – gallant

galleta – cookie

gallina – chicken

ganar – to win

garbanzos – chickpeas

garbanzos – garbanzos

geranio – the huge clover, for washing Tiko’s wounds, for people, too; edible, for infections and insect bites

Geranio and manzanilla
Geranio and manzanilla

girasol – sunflower

gobierno – government

gracias – thank you

granada – pomegranate

granola – granola

gratitud – gratitude

grenadilla (granadilla) – passionfruit

grillo – cricket

guanchaca – marsupial, possum-type

guapa – lovely

guapo – handsome

guishco – vulture

gusano – worm

guisantes – peas

 

H:

haba – bean

hablar – to speak

hace calor – it’s hot out

hacer – to make

hace tiempo – it’s been a long time!

el hada de los Dientes – tooth fairy

harina – flour

harina de avena – oatmeal

harina de maiz azul – blue cornmeal

hecho – done

helado – ice cream

heridas – wounds

hermano/hermana – brother/sister

herniado – herniated

herramientas – tools

hicimos – we made

hielo – ice

hierba luisa – lemongrass

hierbas – herbs

higo – fig

hija – daughter

hijo – son

hinojo – fennel

historia – history

el hizo – he made

hojas – leaves

hojas de uva – grape leaves

hojas de la zanahoria – carrot tops

hola – hi

hombres – men

horchata – in Spain and Latin American countries) a milky drink made from ground almonds, tiger nuts, or rice.

horno – oven

hueco de basura – compost bin

huesos – bones

huesped – guest

huevos – eggs

humitas – sweet tamales

 

I:

Il Capo – the boss

iluminación – enlightenment

immunidad – immunity

impuesto – tax

incienso – incense

increible – incredible

independiente – independent

inflamacion – inflammation

ingredientes – ingredients

insectos – insects

inteligente – intelligent

irme – leave

 

J:

jabon – soap

jamás – never

japon – Japan

jarabe – syrup

jardin – garden

jardinero – gardener

jasmin – jazmine

jengibre – ginger

jiras – border (strips)

joven – young

jueves – Thursday

jugo – juice

Jugo de naranja – orange juice

julio – July

junio – June

 

L:

labios – lips

ladrar – to bark

ladrón – robber

lagarto – lizard

lampara – lamp

lasaña – lasagna

lavadora – washing machine

lavanda – lavender

lavar – to wash

leche – milk

lechuga – lettuce

lentajes – lentils

licuadora – blender

limonada – lemonade

limpiar – to clean

Linda mi amiguita, besos = Pretty, my little friend, kisses

listo – ready

llajua – Bolivian salsa

lluvia – rain

lo siento – I’m sorry.

luna – moon

lunes – Monday

 

M:

machina – machine

macho – male

madre – mother

magdalena – muffin

maiz – corn

maíz en la nazorca – corn on the cob

maiz morada – blue corn

maleta – suitcase

mañana en la mañana – tomorrow morning

manifestacion – manifestation, intention

mango – mango

mani  – peanuts

mantequilla – butter

manzana – apple

manzanilla – chamomile

maracuya – passionfruit

mariposa – butterfly

martes – Tuesday

masaje – massage

materiales – materials

mayonesa – mayonnaise

me encanta – I love

me encontre – I met

medicina – medicine

meditación – meditation

meditar = to meditate

mejor – better

mejorana – marjoram

menta – mint

mentirosa- liar

mercado – market

mezcla – mix

miel – honey

miercoles – Wednesday

mierda – shit

muérdago - mistletoe

mochila – backpack

mojado – wet

mole – sauce

molido  – mashed

molienda – grinding (the sugar cane grinding factory above my land)

montaña – mountain

monton – mountain of, plenty of, a lot of

moras – berries

morir – to die

mosgo – moss

mosquito – mosquito

mosquitero – mosquito net

mostaza – mustard

mujer – woman

mujeres – women

mundo – world

murio – died

musica – music

muy – very, much

muy bien – very well

muy complicado – very complicated

 

N:

nacio – born

naranja – orange

nido  – nest

niña – daughter

niño – aon

nispero – loquat, cumquat-like fruit

no me chingas – “Don’t f%&* with me.”

No hay tiempo en absoluto no time at all

no pase nada – Don’t worry about anything. (“nothing happens,”)

novia – girlfriend

novio – boyfriend

nubes – clouds

nueces – walnuts

nueces pecanas – pecans

nuez moscada – nutmeg

 

O:

oh, mi Dios – oh my gosh, oh my God.

olcutar – to hide

orquídeas – orchids

oregano – oregano

oro – gold

 

P:

pacanas – pecans

paico – Mexican tea

pallo – stalk

padre – father

pagar – to pay

paila – bowl

pajaro – bird

palabra – word

paleta – popsicle

palillo – toothpick

paloma – dove

pan – bread

pantalones – pants

papas – potatoes

papaya – papaya

papitas – little potatoes

par – pair

para equilibrar – for balance

para llevar – to take out (as in take-out food

pared- wall

pasas – raisins

pasomanos – handrails

paseo – walk (n.)

pasta de dientes – toothpaste

pastel – pie

pasta de entero – wheatgrass

pegamento – glue

pelicula – movie

pelo – hair

pendejo – asshole (as in a derogatory name)

pene – penis

pepino – cucumber

pepitas – pumpkin seeds

perejil – parsley

perfecto – perfect

pero – but

perrito – doggy

perro- dog

pezca – pinch (as in, a pinch of cinnamon)

picadura – sting

piedras – rocks

piel de gallina – chicken bumps (goosebumps)

piernas – legs

pijama – pajamas

pimiento – pepper

pizca- pinch

pinones – pine nuts

pipa – young coconut

piscina – swimming pool

pistacho – pistachio

pistola – gun

pistola de pegamento – glue gun

pizza – pizza

planta – plant

planeado – planned

plantar – to plant

platanos – plantains

plato – plate

pluma – feather

pobre – poor

pobrecito – my poor little one

pobre de mi – poor me

policia – police

pollo – chicken

pomelo – citrus fruit, like a cross between a grapefruit and an apple, almost

por ejemplo – for example

por favor, haz clik – please click

postre – dessert

pregunta – question

presentacion – presentation

primavera – spring

primero – first

principiante – beginner

problemas – problems

propiedad – property

propina – tip

proyectos – projects

pudin – pudding

Puedo hacerlo – I can do it.

Puedo tenir – Can I have

puente – bridge

puertas – doors

puerro – leek

puesta del sol- sunset

puro – pure

puta – prostitute

 

Q:

quejarse – complain

que regalo – what a gift!

queso – cheese

quinoa – quinoa

 

R:

raices – roots

rama – branch

rana – toad

raqueta – racquet

raton – rat

receta – recipe

recuerda – remember

regalito – little gift

regalo – gift

remojar – to soak

remolacha – beet

reparar – to repair

responsibilidad – responsiblity

restaurante – restaurant

rescate – rescue

relleno – stuffing

reservacion – reservation

rico – rich

ridiculoso – ridiculous

rio – river

rocas – rocks

rojo – red

romero – rosemary

ron – rum

ropas – clothes

rosas – roses

 

S:

sabado – Saturday

sabana – sheet

sabila – aloe vera

sabor – taste

sal – salt

salida del sol – sunset

salsa de tomate – ketchup

saltamontes – grasshoppers

saltar – jump

salve – ungüento

Sangre de Grado – Dragon’s Blood

sapo – toad

sapodilla – zapote/sapote

Sea amable, sea amable,  sea siempre amable. – Be kind, be kind, always be kind.

seco – dry, dried

semana – week

semillas – seeds

semillas de girasol – sunflower seeds

semillas para germinacion – seeds for germination

sentado – seated, sitting

septiembre – September

seriamente – seriously

serpiente – snake

serrano – highlander, mountain dweller

servir – serve

se vende – for sale

Shaman – Spiritual Medicine Man

silicona – silicone

sin

sin azucar – without sugar

sol – sun

solar – solar

sombrero – hat

sonrisa – smile

sopa – soup

sucillo – dirty

sud america – south america

sufrido – suffered

sufro – I suffer

super – super

 

T:

tamarindo – tamarind

tanque – tank

tarro – jar

taxi – taxi

tazón – bowl

te – tea

te aprecio – I appreciate you

teatro – theater

tejas – tiles

temperatura – temperature

temperatura ambiente – room temperature

terraza – terrace

terreno – land

tienda – small store

tia – aunt

tio – uncle

toalla -towel

tobaco – tabacco

tomate – tomato

tomate de arbol – tree tomato

tomillo – thyme

tonto – foolish

torcer – twist

tormenta – storm

toronja – grapefruit

torta – pie

trabaja – work

trabajadora – worker

trabajadores – workers

tramposo – cheater

tranquilo – tranquil, quiet, calm

trato – deal

trébol -clover

trigo de entero – wheatgrass

triste – sad

truena – thunder

U:

ultimo – last

un mil gracias – a thousand thanks

uvas – grapes

uvas blancas – white grapes

uvas verdes – green grapes

uvillas – little oange grapes

 

V:

vaca – cow

vainilla – vanilla

valiente – brave

valeriana – valerian

vegetariano – vegetarian

ventanas – windows

ventoso – windy

verde – green

verduras – vegetables

vestido – dress

viaje – trip

vida – life

vidrio – glass

viernes – Friday

vinagre – vinegar

vino – wine

vino tinto – red wine

violencia – violence

voleibal – volleyball
Y:
y – and
yogur – yogurt
yo lo hare – I will do it

 

Z:

zalamero – smoothie

zanahoria – carrot

zapallo – pumpkin

zapatero – shoemaker

zapatos – shoes

zarigüeya – opposum